https:\/\/media.discordapp.net\/attachments\/562982813905977354\/582241323579473962\/logo696969696969.pngFederal Rules of Civil Procedure\n(( abridged, edited version 1.0 - RCRP use only ))\n\n\nRule 101. Scope and Purpose\nThese rules should be construed, administered, and employed by the court and the parties to secure the just, speedy, and inexpensive determination of every action and proceeding.\n\nRule 201. Commencing an Action\nA civil action is commenced by filing a complaint with the court.\n\nRule 202. Summons\n\nContents. A summons must:\n\nname the court and the parties;\nbe directed to the defendant;\nstate the time within which the defendant must appear and defend;\nnotify the defendant that a failure to appear and defend will result in a default judgment against the defendant for the relief demanded in the complaint; and\nbear the court's seal.\n\nIssuance. On or after filing the complaint, the plaintiff may present a summons to the judge for signature and seal. If the summons is properly completed, the judge must sign, seal, and issue it to the plaintiff for service on the defendant.\nService.\n\nIn General. A summons must be served with a copy of the complaint. The plaintiff is responsible for having the summons and complaint served within the time allowed and must furnish the necessary copies to the person who makes service.\nBy Whom. Any person who is at least 18 years old and not a party may serve a summons and complaint.\n\nServing an Individual. May be done by:\n\ndelivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the individual personally;\nleaving a copy of each at the individual's dwelling or usual place of abode with someone of suitable age and discretion who resides there; or\ndelivering a copy of each to an agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process.\n\nServing a Corporation, Partnership, or Association. Must be served:\n\nin the manner prescribed for serving an individual; or\nby delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to an officer, a managing or general agent, or any other agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process and—if the agent is one authorized by statute and the statute so requires—by also mailing a copy of each to the defendant.\n\nServing San Andreas and Its Agencies, Corporations, Officers, or Employees. To serve a San Andreas agency or corporation, or a San Andreas officer or employee sued only in an official capacity, a party must serve a copy of the summons and of the complaint by registered or certified mail to the agency, corporation, officer, or employee.\nProving Service. Except for service by a law enforcement officer or employee of the court, proof must be by the server's affidavit.\nTime Limit for Service. If a defendant is not served within 2 days after the complaint is filed, the court—on motion or on its own after notice to the plaintiff—must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order that service be made within a specified time. But if the plaintiff shows good cause for the failure, the court must extend the time for service for an appropriate period.\n\n\n\nRule 301. Pleadings Allowed; Form of Motions and Other Papers\n\nPleadings. Only these pleadings are allowed:\n\na complaint (initial complaint);\nan answer to a complaint;\na counter-claim;\na third-party complaint;\nan answer to a third-party complaint; and\nif the court orders one, a reply to an answer.\n\nMotion. A request for a court order must be made by motion. The motion must:\n\nbe in writing unless made during a hearing or trial;\nstate with particularity the grounds for seeking the order; and\nstate the relief sought.\n\n\n\nRule 302. General Rules of Pleading\n\nClaim for Relief. A pleading that states a claim for relief must contain:\n\na short and plain statement of the grounds for the court's jurisdiction, unless the court already has jurisdiction and the claim needs no new jurisdictional support;\na short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief; and\na demand for the relief sought, which may include relief in the alternative or different types of relief.\n\nDefenses; Admissions and Denials.\n\nIn General. In responding to a pleading, a party must:\n\nstate in short and plain terms its defenses to each claim asserted against it; and\nadmit or deny the allegations asserted against it by an opposing party.\n\nDenials—Responding to the Substance. A denial must fairly respond to the substance of the allegation.\nDenying Part of an Allegation. A party that intends in good faith to deny only part of an allegation must admit the part that is true and deny the rest.\nLacking Knowledge or Information. A party that lacks knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief about the truth of an allegation must so state, and the statement has the effect of a denial.\nEffect of Failing to Deny. An allegation—other than one relating to the amount of damages—is admitted if a responsive pleading is required and the allegation is not denied. If a responsive pleading is not required, an allegation is considered denied or avoided.\n\nConstruing Pleadings. Pleadings must be construed so as to do justice.\n\n\nRule 303. Form of Pleadings\n\nCaption; Names of Parties. Every pleading must have a caption with the court's name, a title, a docket number. The title of the complaint must name all the parties; the title of other pleadings, after naming the first party on each side, may refer generally to other parties.\nParagraphs; Separate Statements. A party must state its claims or defenses in numbered paragraphs, each limited as far as practicable to a single set of circumstances. A later pleading may refer by number to a paragraph in an earlier pleading. If doing so would promote clarity, each claim founded on a separate transaction or occurrence—and each defense other than a denial—must be stated in a separate count or defense.\n\n\nRule 304. Representations to the Court\nBy presenting to the court a pleading, written motion, or other paper—whether by signing, filing, submitting, or later advocating it—an attorney or unrepresented party certifies that to the best of the person's knowledge, information, and belief, formed after an inquiry reasonable under the circumstances:\n\nit is not being presented for any improper purpose, such as to harass, cause unnecessary delay, or needlessly increase the cost of litigation;\nthe claims, defenses, and other legal contentions are warranted by existing law or by a nonfrivolous argument for extending, modifying, or reversing existing law or for establishing new law;\nthe factual contentions have evidentiary support or, if specifically so identified, will likely have evidentiary support after a reasonable opportunity for further investigation or discovery; and\nthe denials of factual contentions are warranted on the evidence or, if specifically so identified, are reasonably based on belief or a lack of information.\n\n\nRule 305. Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings\n\nTime to Serve a Responsive Pleading. A defendant must serve an answer within 5 days after being served with the summons and complaint.\nHow to Present Defenses. Every defense to a claim for relief in any pleading must be asserted in the responsive pleading. But a party may assert the following defenses by motion:\n\nimproper venue;\nfailure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.\n\nMotion for Judgment on the Pleadings. After the pleadings are closed—but early enough not to delay trial—a party may move for judgment on the pleadings.\nMotion for a More Definite Statement. A party may move for a more definite statement of a pleading but which is so vague or ambiguous that the party cannot reasonably prepare a response. If the court orders a more definite statement and the order is not obeyed within 5 days after notice of the order or within the time the court sets, the court may strike the pleading or issue any other appropriate order.\nMotion to Strike. The court may strike from a pleading an insufficient defense or any redundant, immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous matter. The court may act:\n\non its own; or\non motion made by a party.\n\n\n\nRule 306. Relief Sought in a Counterclaim\nA counterclaim need not diminish or defeat the recovery sought by the opposing party. It may request relief that exceeds in amount or differs in kind from the relief sought by the opposing party.\n\nRule 307. Pretrial Conferences\nIn any action, the court may order the attorneys and any unrepresented parties to appear for one or more pretrial conferences for such purposes as:\n\nexpediting disposition of the action;\nestablishing early and continuing control so that the case will not be protracted because of lack of management;\ndiscouraging wasteful pretrial activities;\nimproving the quality of the trial through more thorough preparation; and\nfacilitating settlement.\n\n\n\nRule 401. Capacity - Minor or Incompetent Person\n\nWith a Representative. The following representatives may sue or defend on behalf of a minor or an incompetent person:\n\na general guardian; or\na committee;\n\nWithout a Representative. A minor or an incompetent person who does not have a duly appointed representative may sue by a next friend or by a guardian ad litem. The court must appoint a guardian ad litem—or issue another appropriate order—to protect a minor or incompetent person who is unrepresented in an action.\n\n\nRule 402. Substitution of Parties\n\nDeath.\n\nSubstitution if the Claim Is Not Extinguished. If a party dies and the claim is not extinguished, the court may order substitution of the proper party. A motion for substitution may be made by any party. If the motion is not made within 10 days after service of a statement noting the death, the action by or against the decedent must be dismissed.\nContinuation Among the Remaining Parties. After a party's death, if the right sought to be enforced survives only to or against the remaining parties, the action does not abate, but proceeds in favor of or against the remaining parties. The death should be noted on the record.\n\nIncompetency. If a party becomes incompetent, the court may, on motion, permit the action to be continued by or against the party's representative.\nTransfer of Interest. If an interest is transferred, the action may be continued by or against the original party unless the court, on motion, orders the transferee to be substituted in the action or joined with the original party.\nPublic Officers; Death or Separation from Office. An action does not abate when a public officer who is a party in an official capacity dies, resigns, or otherwise ceases to hold office while the action is pending. The officer's successor is automatically substituted as a party.\n\n\n\nRule 501. Discovery; Depositions\nDiscovery and taking of Depositions shall be governed in the same manner as in Criminal Procedure, with "government" being replaced with "Plaintiff" and types of evidence that are irrelevant (e.g. defendant's record, testimony prior to arrest, etc.) shall be omitted.\n\nRule 502. Producing Documents, Electronically Stored Information, and Tangible Things, or Entering onto Land, for Inspection and Other Purposes\n\nIn General. A party may serve on any other party a request::\n\nto produce and permit the requesting party or its representative to inspect, copy, test, or sample the following items in the responding party's possession, custody, or control:\n\nany designated documents or electronically stored information—including writings, drawings, graphs, charts, photographs, sound recordings, images, and other data or data compilations—stored in any medium from which information can be obtained either directly or, if necessary, after translation by the responding party into a reasonably usable form; or\nany designated tangible things;\n\nto permit entry onto designated land or other property possessed or controlled by the responding party, so that the requesting party may inspect, measure, survey, photograph, test, or sample the property or any designated object or operation on it.\n\nProcedure. The request:\n\nmust describe with reasonable particularity each item or category of items to be inspected;\nmust specify a reasonable time, place, and manner for the inspection and for performing the related acts; and\nmay specify the form or forms in which electronically stored information is to be produced.\n\n\n\n\nRule 601. Right to a Jury Trial; Demand\n\nRight Preserved. The right of trial by jury as declared by the Seventh Amendment to the Constitution is preserved to the parties inviolate.\nDemand. On any issue triable of right by a jury, a party may demand a jury trial by serving the other parties with a written demand, which may be included in a pleading. In its demand, a party may specify the issues that it wishes to have tried by a jury; otherwise, it is considered to have demanded a jury trial on all the issues so triable.\nWaiver; Withdrawal. A party waives a jury trial unless its demand is properly served and filed. A proper demand may be withdrawn only if the parties consent.\n\n\nRule 602. Dismissal of Actions.\n\nDismissal by Plaintiff. The Plaintiff may move to dismiss without a judgment, only if there is no counter-claim made by the Defendant. The Court shall normally grant such a motion unless it is not in the interest of justice.\nDismissal by Court. The Court may dismiss without prejudice if there is substantial delay in proceedings, or with other strong reason.\n\n\nRule 603. Taking Testimony\nTaking testimony shall be subject to the same requirements as in Criminal Procedure.\n\nRule 604. Subpoena\nOrdering and executing a subpoena shall be governed by the same rules as in Criminal Procedure.\n\nRule 605. Judgment as a Matter of Law in a Jury Trial\n\nIn General. If a party has been fully heard on an issue during a jury trial and the court finds that a reasonable jury would not have a legally sufficient evidentiary basis to find for the party on that issue, the court may:\n\nresolve the issue against the party; and\ngrant a motion for judgment as a matter of law against the party on a claim or defense that, under the controlling law, can be maintained or defeated only with a favorable finding on that issue.\n\nMotion. A motion for judgment as a matter of law may be made at any time before the case is submitted to the jury. The motion must specify the judgment sought and the law and facts that entitle the movant to the judgment.\n\n\nRule 606. Instructions to the Jury.\nInstructions shall be given to the jury under the same rules as in Criminal Procedure.\n\nRule 701. Judgment; Costs\n\nDemand for Judgment; Relief to Be Granted. A default judgment must not differ in kind from, or exceed in amount, what is demanded in the pleadings. Every other final judgment should grant the relief to which each party is entitled, even if the party has not demanded that relief in its pleadings.\nCosts; Attorney's Fees.\n\nCosts Other Than Attorney's Fees. Costs other than attorney's fees should be allowed to the prevailing party.\nAttorney's Fees. A prevailing Plaintiff shall seek to enter their attorney fees as part of their initial complaint (initial pleading). A prevailing Defendant shall be entitled to request attorney's fees from the Plaintiff through a timely motion to the Court.\n\n\n\nRule 702. Default; Default Judgment\n\nApplication. The party must apply to the court for a default judgment.\nAgainst Incompetent Persons. A default judgment may be entered against a minor or incompetent person only if represented by a general guardian who has appeared.\nNecessity of Evidence. A default judgment shall not be entered if there insufficient evidence or the Court is unsatisfied with the amount of evidence.\n\n\nRule 703. Summary Judgment.\n\nApplication. A party may move for summary judgment, identifying each claim or defense — or the part of each claim or defense — on which summary judgment is sought. The court shall grant summary judgment if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. The court should state on the record the reasons for granting or denying the motion.\nProcedures.\n\nSupporting Factual Positions. A party asserting that a fact cannot be or is genuinely disputed must support the assertion by:\n\nciting to particular parts of materials in the record, including depositions, documents, electronically stored information, affidavits or declarations, stipulations (including those made for purposes of the motion only), admissions, interrogatory answers, or other materials; or\nshowing that the materials cited do not establish the absence or presence of a genuine dispute, or that an adverse party cannot produce admissible evidence to support the fact.\n\nObjection That a Fact Is Not Supported by Admissible Evidence. A party may object that the material cited to support or dispute a fact cannot be presented in a form that would be admissible in evidence.\nMaterials Not Cited. The court need consider only the cited materials, but it may consider other materials in the record.\nAffidavits or Declarations. An affidavit or declaration used to support or oppose a motion must be made on personal knowledge, set out facts that would be admissible in evidence, and show that the affiant or declarant is competent to testify on the matters stated.\n\n\n\nRule 704. New Trial\nAltering or Amending a Judgment. Shall be governed by the same rules as in Criminal Procedure.\n\nRule 705. Harmless Error\nUnless justice requires otherwise, no error in admitting or excluding evidence—or any other error by the court or a party—is ground for granting a new trial, for setting aside a verdict, or for vacating, modifying, or otherwise disturbing a judgment or order. At every stage of the proceeding, the court must disregard all errors and defects that do not affect any party's substantial rights.\n\nRule 801. Contents and Scope of Every Injunction and Restraining Order\n\nContents. Every order granting an injunction and every restraining order must:\n\nstate the reasons why it issued;\nstate its terms specifically; and\ndescribe in reasonable detail—and not by referring to the complaint or other document—the act or acts restrained or required.\n\nPersons Bound. The order binds only the following who receive actual notice of it by personal service or otherwise:\n\nthe parties;\nthe parties’ officers, agents, servants, employees, and attorneys; and\nother persons who are in active concert or participation.